40Ar/39Ar geochronology of basement rocks from the Mascarene Plateau, the Chagos Bank and the Maldives Ridge
- Concordant plateau and isochron ages were calculated from 40Ar/39Ar incremental heating experiments on volcanic rocks recovered by drilling at four Leg 115 sites and two industry wells along the volcanic lineament connecting Reunion Island to the Deccan flood basalts, western Indian Ocean. The new ages provide unequivocal evidence that volcanic ac- tivity migrated southward along this sequence of linear ridges. The geometry and age distribution of volcanism are most compatible with origin above a stationary hotspot centered beneath Reunion. The hotspot became active with rapid eruption of the Deccan flood basalts, western India, and subsequent volcanic products record the northward motion of the Indian and African plates over the hotspot through Tertiary time. The radiometric ages are in general accord with basal biostratigraphic age estimates, although some adjustments in current magnetobiostratigraphic time scales may be required.
- Duncan R , Hargraves R .